Cardiff Castle transformed into a Victorian mansion
In the late 18th century the original Norman Castle had been enlarged and refashioned in an early Gothic Revival style for Bute's great-grandfather, the 1st Marquess, by Henry Holland.
Bute despised the result and engaged the architect William Burges, who shared Bute's interest in medieval Gothic Revivalism, to undertake rebuilding.
This shared passion, combined with Bute's almost limitless financial resources, led to Burges re-building on the grandest scale.
It was Burges's imagination, his scholarship, his architectural and decorative talents, his inventiveness and his sheer high spirits that combined to make Cardiff Castle the "most successful of all the fantasy castles of the nineteenth century."